Development of two-dimensional turbulent wakes in a curved channel at positive streamwise pressure gradient
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The development of turbomachinery wake flows are greatly influenced by streamline curvature and streamwise pressure gradient. This paper is a part of a comprehensive experimental and theoretical study on the development of the steady and the periodic unsteady turbulent wakes in curved channels at different streamwise pressure gradients. The experimental investigation of the two-dimensional wake behind a stationary circular cylinder in a curved channel at positive streamwise pressure gradient is reported in this paper. Measurements of mean velocity and Reynolds stress components are carried out using a X-hot-film probe. The measured quantities obtained in probe coordinates are transformed to a curvilinear coordinate system along the wake center line and are presented in similarity coordinates. The results indicates strong asymmetry in velocity and Reynolds stress components. The Reynolds stress components have higher values at the inner half of the wake than at the outer half of the wake. However, the mean velocity defect profiles in similarity coordinates is almost symmetric and follows the same Gaussian function for the straight wake data. A comparison with the wake development in a curved channel at zero streamwise pressure gradient suggests that the decay rate of velocity defect is slower and the growth of wake width is faster in the case of positive streamwise pressure gradient.
author list (cited authors)
John, J., & Schobeiri, M. T.