Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor tadalafil attenuates oxidative stress and protects against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in type 2 diabetic mice. Academic Article uri icon


  • Diabetic patients exhibit increased risk for the development of cardiovascular diseases primarily because of impaired nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. The phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor sildenafil restores NO signaling and protects against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, we determined the effect of the long-acting PDE-5 inhibitor tadalafil on diabetes-associated complications and its role in attenuating oxidative stress after I/R injury in type 2 diabetic db/db mice. Adult male db/db mice (n=40/group) were randomized to receive dimethyl sulfoxide (10% DMSO, 0.2ml, ip) or tadalafil (1mg/kg in 10% DMSO, ip) for 28 days. After 28 days treatment, the hearts were isolated and subjected to 30min global ischemia followed by 60min reperfusion in the Langendorff mode. Infarct size was measured using computer morphometry of tetrazolium-stained sections. Cardiomyocytes were isolated from a subset of hearts and subjected to 40min simulated ischemia followed by 1h of reoxygenation (SI/RO). Dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate and JC-1 staining was used to measure reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and mitochondrial membrane potential (m), respectively. Another subset of hearts was used for the estimation of lipid peroxidation, glutathione, and the expression of myocardial pRac1, Rac1, gp91(phox), p47(phox), and p67(phox) by Western blot. Tadalafil treatment improved the metabolic status and reduced infarct size compared to the untreated db/db mice (21.21.8% vs 45.82.8%; p<0.01). The db/db mice showed enhanced oxidative stress in cardiomyocytes as indicated by a significant increase in ROS production. Cardiac NAD(P)H oxidase activity, lipid peroxidation, and oxidized glutathione were also increased in db/db mice compared to nondiabetic control animals. Tadalafil treatment in db/db mice suppressed oxidative stress, attenuated myocardial expression of pRac1 and gp91(phox), and also preserved the loss of m in cardiomyocytes after SI/RO. In conclusion, these results demonstrate that chronic treatment with tadalafil attenuates oxidative stress and improves mitochondrial integrity while providing powerful cardioprotective effects in type 2 diabetes.

published proceedings

  • Free Radic Biol Med

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Koka, S., Das, A., Salloum, F. N., & Kukreja, R. C.

citation count

  • 69

complete list of authors

  • Koka, Saisudha||Das, Anindita||Salloum, Fadi N||Kukreja, Rakesh C

publication date

  • July 2013