Late Pleistocene osseous projectile point from the Manis site, Washington-Mastodon hunting in the Pacific Northwest 13,900 years ago. Academic Article uri icon


  • Bone fragments embedded in a rib of a mastodon (Mammut americanum) from the Manis site, Washington, were digitally excavated and refit to reconstruct an object that is thin and broad, has smooth, shaped faces that converge to sharp lateral edges, and has a plano-convex cross section. These characteristics are consistent with the object being a human-made projectile point. The 13,900-year-old Manis projectile point is morphologically different from later cylindrical osseous points of the 13,000-year-old Clovis complex. The Manis point, which is made of mastodon bone, shows that people predating Clovis made and used osseous weapons to hunt megafauna in the Pacific Northwest during the Blling-Allerd.

published proceedings

  • Sci Adv

altmetric score

  • 546.11

author list (cited authors)

  • Waters, M. R., Newell, Z. A., Fisher, D. C., McDonald, H. G., Han, J., Moreno, M., & Robbins, A.

citation count

  • 1

publication date

  • February 2023