Cytokine-mediated inhibition of apoptosis in non-transformed T cells and neutrophils can be dissociated from protein kinase B activation. Academic Article uri icon


  • In the absence of survival-inducing cytokines activated T cells and neutrophils enter apoptosis spontaneously. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3 K) activation and signaling through PKB/AKT have been widely linked to the inhibition of apoptosis by cytokines. Here we have investigated the role of PKB in the inhibition of spontaneous apoptosis of activated human CD4+ T cells and neutrophils. We used a range of cytokines known to induce survival and/or activation of PKB. We found activation of PKB in T cells treated with IL-2 and insulin, and neutrophils cultured with N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP), insulin or granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. Insulin did not inhibit apoptosis in neutrophils or T cells and fMLP did not delay neutrophil apoptosis. Intriguingly, IFN-beta induced PI3 K-dependent survival in both cell types, but did not activate PKB. IL-2 mediated rescue of T cells from apoptosis but no induction of proliferation occurred in thepresence of LY294002, an inhibitor of PI3 K, which also blocked subsequent PKB activation. The main role of PI3 K in IL-2-mediated signaling may therefore be in the regulation of proliferation. These findings suggest that activation of PKB and inhibition of apoptosis can be dissociated in cytokine-mediated rescue of non-transformed CD4+ T cells and neutrophils.

published proceedings

  • Eur J Immunol

author list (cited authors)

  • Scheel-Toellner, D., Wang, K., Henriquez, N. V., Webb, P. R., Craddock, R., Pilling, D., ... Lord, J. M.

citation count

  • 36

publication date

  • February 2002