Generalisation of value-based attentional priority is category-specific. Academic Article uri icon


  • A large body of research suggests that previously reward-associated stimuli can capture attention. Recent evidence also suggests that value-driven attentional biases can occur for a particular category of objects. However, it is unclear how broadly these category-level attentional biases can generalise. In the present study, we examined whether value-driven attentional biases can generalise to new exemplars of a category or semantically related categories using a modified version of the value-driven attentional capture paradigm. In an initial training phase, participants searched for two categories of objects and were rewarded for correctly fixating members of one target category. In a subsequent test phase, participants searched for two new categories of objects. A new exemplar of one of the previous target categories or a member of a semantically related category could appear as a critical distractor in this phase. Participants were more likely to initially fixate the critical distractor and fixated the distractor longer when it was a new exemplar of the previously rewarded category. However, similar findings were not observed for members of semantically related categories. Together, these findings suggest that the generalisation of value-based attentional priority is category-specific.

published proceedings

  • Q J Exp Psychol (Hove)

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Clement, A., Grgoire, L., & Anderson, B. A.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Clement, Andrew||GrĂ©goire, Laurent||Anderson, Brian A

publication date

  • October 2023