On nonlinear cutting response and tool chatter in turning operation
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Tool chatter in turning process is addressed with a new perspective. Turning dynamics is investigated using a 3D model that allows for simultaneous workpiece-tool deflections in response to the exertion of nonlinear regenerative force. The workpiece is modeled as a system of three rotors, namely, unmachined, being machined and machined, connected by a flexible shaft. Such a configuration enables the workpiece motion relative to the tool and tool motion relative to the machining surface to be three-dimensionally established as functions of spindle speed, instantaneous depth-of-cut, material removal rate and whirling. The equations of motion for the model are coupled through the nonlinear cutting force. The model is explored along with its 1D counterpart, which considers only tool motions and disregards workpiece vibrations. Different stages of stability for the workpiece and the tool subject to the same cutting conditions are studied. Numerical simulations reveal diverse, oftentimes inconsistent, tool behaviors described by the two models. Most notably, observations made with regard to the inconsistency in describing machining stability limits raise the concern for using 1D models to obtain stability charts. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
author list (cited authors)
Dassanayake, A. V., & Suh, C. S.