Review of recent developments in stimulated emission depletion microscopy: applications on cell imaging. Academic Article uri icon


  • Stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy is one type of far-field optical technique demonstrated to provide subdiffraction resolution. STED microscopy utilizes a donut-shaped depletion beam to limit the probe volume to be much smaller than a diffraction-limited spot. Resolutions as small as a few tens of nanometers laterally are reported for cell analysis. The different versions of STED microscopes are described and contrasted in terms of their applicability for biological imaging. Finally, we suggest likely avenues for improving the performance and increasing the utility of STED microscopy.

published proceedings

  • J Biomed Opt

author list (cited authors)

  • Neupane, B., Ligler, F. S., & Wang, G.

complete list of authors

  • Neupane, Bhanu||Ligler, Frances S||Wang, Gufeng

publication date

  • August 2014