Hypoxia and H2O2 Dual-Sensitive Vesicles for Enhanced Glucose-Responsive Insulin Delivery. Academic Article uri icon


  • A glucose-responsive closed-loop insulin delivery system mimicking pancreas activity without long-term side effect has the potential to improve diabetic patients' health and quality of life. Here, we developed a novel glucose-responsive insulin delivery device using a painless microneedle-array patch containing insulin-loaded vesicles. Formed by self-assembly of hypoxia and H2O2 dual-sensitive diblock copolymer, the glucose-responsive polymersome-based vesicles (d-GRPs) can disassociate and subsequently release insulin triggered by H2O2 and hypoxia generated during glucose oxidation catalyzed by glucose specific enzyme. Moreover, the d-GRPs were able to eliminate the excess H2O2, which may lead to free radical-induced damage to skin tissue during the long-term usage and reduce the activity of GOx. In vivo experiments indicated that this smart insulin patch could efficiently regulate the blood glucose in the chemically induced type 1 diabetic mice for 10 h.

published proceedings

  • Nano Lett

altmetric score

  • 10.83

author list (cited authors)

  • Yu, J., Qian, C., Zhang, Y., Cui, Z., Zhu, Y., Shen, Q., ... Gu, Z.

citation count

  • 200

complete list of authors

  • Yu, Jicheng||Qian, Chenggen||Zhang, Yuqi||Cui, Zheng||Zhu, Yong||Shen, Qundong||Ligler, Frances S||Buse, John B||Gu, Zhen

publication date

  • February 2017