Photothermal Therapy Promotes Tumor Infiltration and Antitumor Activity of CAR T Cells. Academic Article uri icon


  • Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-redirected T lymphocytes (CAR T cells) show modest therapeutic efficacy in solid tumors. The desmoplastic structure of the tumor and the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment usually account for the reduced efficacy of CAR T cells in solid tumors. Mild hyperthermia of the tumor reduces its compact structure and interstitial fluid pressure, increases blood perfusion, releases antigens, and promotes the recruitment of endogenous immune cells. Therefore, the combination of mild hyperthermia with the adoptive transfer of CAR T cells can potentially increase the therapeutic index of these cells in solid tumors. It is found that the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan-4 (CSPG4)-specific CAR T cells infused in Nod scid gamma mice engrafted with the human melanoma WM115 cell line have superior antitumor activity after photothermal ablation of the tumor. The findings suggest that photothermal therapy facilitates the accumulation and effector function of CAR T cells within solid tumors.

published proceedings

  • Adv Mater

altmetric score

  • 60.072

author list (cited authors)

  • Chen, Q., Hu, Q., Dukhovlinova, E., Chen, G., Ahn, S., Wang, C., ... Gu, Z.

citation count

  • 297

complete list of authors

  • Chen, Qian||Hu, Quanyin||Dukhovlinova, Elena||Chen, Guojun||Ahn, Sarah||Wang, Chao||Ogunnaike, Edikan A||Ligler, Frances S||Dotti, Gianpietro||Gu, Zhen