Air-stable fabric thermoelectric modules made of N- and P-type carbon nanotubes Academic Article uri icon


  • This report demonstrates an exciting new paradigm for thermoelectric energy conversion with both n- and p-type organic materials that possess mechanical flexibility, simple fabrication processes, and stability in air. In order to synthesize n-type samples with membranes and papers, carbon nanotubes were doped with both polyethyleneimine (PEI) and sodium borohydride (NaBH 4), showing excellent n-type characteristics with thermopower values as large as -80 V K -1. Thermoelectric modules made of both n- and p-type composites were fabricated to demonstrate thermoelectric voltage and power generation with one, two, and three p-n couples connected in series. The testing modules produced 6 mV thermoelectric voltage, with 25 nW generated power upon application of 22C temperature gradients. These promising results show that further work with many junctions connected in series would result in scalable organic p-n couple modules, which can generate power from temperature gradients or provide cooling for various electronic devices. 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

published proceedings

  • Energy & Environmental Science

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Yu, C., Murali, A., Choi, K., & Ryu, Y.

citation count

  • 201

complete list of authors

  • Yu, Choongho||Murali, Advaith||Choi, Kyungwho||Ryu, Yeontack

publication date

  • January 2012