Rectification of nanopores at surfaces. Academic Article uri icon


  • At the nanoscale, methods to measure surface charge can prove challenging. Herein we describe a general method to report surface charge through the measurement of ion current rectification of a nanopipette brought in close proximity to a charged substrate. This method is able to discriminate between charged cationic and anionic substrates when the nanopipette is brought within distances from ten to hundreds of nanometers from the surface. Further studies of the pH dependence on the observed rectification support a surface-induced mechanism and demonstrate the ability to further discriminate between cationic and nominally uncharged surfaces. This method could find application in measurement and mapping of heterogeneous surface charges and is particularly attractive for future biological measurements, where noninvasive, noncontact probing of surface charge will prove valuable.

published proceedings

  • J Am Chem Soc

altmetric score

  • 3.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Sa, N., & Baker, L. A.

citation count

  • 78

complete list of authors

  • Sa, Niya||Baker, Lane A

publication date

  • July 2011