A Clickable NAD+ Analog-Based Assay of Poly(ADP-Ribosyl)ated Proteins. Chapter uri icon


  • Poly(ADP-ribosyl)lation (PARylation) is a posttranslational modification that plays an important role in a variety of biological processes in both animals and plants. Identification of PARylated substrates is the key to elucidating the regulatory mechanism of PARylation. Several approaches have been developed to identify PARylated substrates over the past decade; however, a reliable and efficient method is needed to demonstrate PARylated proteins. Here, we report a simple and sensitive assay of PARylated proteins using a clickable 6-alkyne-NAD+ analog. The 6-alkyne-NAD+ is incorporated into substrate proteins in the in vitro PARylation assay. The labeled proteins are covalently captured by disulfide azide agarose beads through copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC), cleaved under reducing conditions, and analyzed by immunoblotting. The covalent bonds between the PARylated proteins and azide beads allow high stringent washing to eliminate nonspecific binding. Furthermore, the disulfide linker permits efficient cleavage and recovery of highly enriched PARylated proteins. Therefore, this approach can detect proteins that undergo PARylation at very low levels.

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Yao, D., Ahmed, H., & Song, J.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Yao, Dongsheng||Ahmed, Heba||Song, Junqi

Book Title

  • Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase

publication date

  • January 2023