The influence of high mainstream turbulence on leading edge film effectiveness and heat transfer coefficient was studied. High mainstream turbulence was produced by a passive grid and a jet grid. Experiments were performed using a blunt body with a semicylinder leading edge with a flat afterbody. The mainstream Reynolds number based on leading edge diameter was about 100,000. Spanwise and streamwise distributions of film effectiveness and heat transfer coefficient in the leading edge and on the flat sidewall were obtained for three blowing ratios, through rows of holes located at 15 and 40 deg from stagnation. The holes in each row were spaced three hole diameters apart and were angled 30 and 90 deg to the surface in the spanwise and streamwise directions, respectively. The results indicate that the film effectiveness decreases with increasing blowing ratio, but the reverse is true for the heat transfer coefficient. The leading edge film effectiveness for low blowing ratio (B = 0.4) is significantly reduced by high mainstream turbulence (Tu = 9.67 and 12.9 percent). The mainstream turbulence effect is diminished in the leading edge for higher blowing ratios (B = 0.8 and 1.2) but still exists on the flat sidewall region. Also, the leading edge heat transfer coefficient for blowing ratio of 0.8 increases with increasing mainstream turbulence; but the effect for other blowing ratios [B = 0.4 and 1.2) is not as systematic as for B = 0.8. Surface heat load is significantly reduced with leading edge film cooling.