Heat Transfer and Flow on the Squealer Tip of a Gas Turbine Blade Conference Paper uri icon

abstract

  • Experimental investigations are performed to measure the detailed heat transfer coefficient and static pressure distributions on the squealer tip of a gas turbine blade in a five-bladed stationary linear cascade. The blade is a two-dimensional model of a modern first-stage gas turbine rotor blade with a blade tip profile of a GE-E3 aircraft gas turbine engine rotor blade. A squealer (recessed) tip with a 3.77 percent recess is considered here. The data on the squealer tip are also compared with a flat tip case. All measurements are made at three different tip gap clearances of about 1, 1.5, and 2.5 percent of the blade span. Two different turbulence intensities of 6.1 and 9.7 percent at the cascade inlet are also considered for heat transfer measurements. Static pressure measurements are made in the midspan and near-tip regions, as well as on the shroud surface opposite to the blade tip surface. The flow condition in the test cascade corresponds to an overall pressure ratio of 1.32 and an exit Reynolds number based on the axial chord of 1.1×106. A transient liquid crystal technique is used to measure the heat transfer coefficients. Results show that the heat transfer coefficient on the cavity surface and rim increases with an increase in tip clearance. The heat transfer coefficient on the rim is higher than the cavity surface. The cavity surface has a higher heat transfer coefficient near the leading edge region than the trailing edge region. The heat transfer coefficient on the pressure side rim and trailing edge region is higher at a higher turbulence intensity level of 9.7 over 6.1 percent case. However, no significant difference in local heat transfer coefficient is observed inside the cavity and the suction side rim for the two turbulence intensities. The squealer tip blade provides a lower overall heat transfer coefficient when compared to the flat tip blade. [S0889-504X(00)00504-3]

author list (cited authors)

  • Azad, G. S., Han, J., & Boyle, R. J.

complete list of authors

  • Azad, Gm S||Han, Je-Chin||Boyle, Robert J

publication date

  • January 1, 2000 11:11 AM