Heat transfer and friction behaviors in rectangular channels with varying number of ribbed walls Academic Article uri icon


  • An experimental study of surface heat transfer and friction characteristics of a fully developed turbulent air flow in a square channel with transverse ribs on one, two, three, and four walls is reported. Tests were performed for Reynolds numbers ranging from 10,000 to 80,000. The pitch-to-rib height ratio, P/e, was kept at 8 and rib-height-to-channel hydraulic diameter ratio, e/Dh was kept at 0.0625. The channel length-to-hydraulic diameter ratio, L/Dh, was 20. The heat transfer coefficient and friction factor results were enhanced with the increase in the number of ribbed walls. The friction roughness function, R(e+), was almost constant over the entire range of tests performed and was within comparable limits of the previously published data. The heat transfer roughness function, G(e+), increased with roughness Reynolds number and compared well with previous work in this area. Both correlations could be used to predict the friction factor and heat transfer coefficient in a rectangular channel with varying number of ribbed walls. The results of this investigation could be used in various applications of turbulent internal channel flows involving different number of rib roughened walls. 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

published proceedings

  • International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer

author list (cited authors)

  • Chandra, P. R., Alexander, C. R., & Han, J. C.

citation count

  • 137

complete list of authors

  • Chandra, PR||Alexander, CR||Han, JC

publication date

  • January 2003