On the impact of predictive analytics-driven disease management interventions.
Additional Document Info
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a predictive algorithm-driven disease management (DM) outreach program compared with non-predictive algorithm-driven DM program participation on health care spending and utilization. STUDY DESIGN: We used propensity score matching forMedicare Advantage members with chronic heart failure (CHF) to evaluate the impact of predictive algorithm-driven DM outreach using claims data from 2013 to 2018 from a large commercial health insurer. METHODS: The insurer ran a predictive algorithm to identify members with CHF with a high likelihood of hospitalization (LOH), and a DM outreach was initiated to those identified as being at high risk of hospitalization (high-LOH intervention group). The intervention group was matched to members with similar concurrent medical risk profiles, based on the DxCG/Verisk score, who received the same DM outreach through the insurer's standard process (low-LOH intervention group). This approach allowed an evaluation of the predictive algorithm in targeting individuals suitable for DM outreach. RESULTS: Regression models showed that high-LOH intervention members had a lower probability of hospitalization (0.032; P=.075) and emergency department (ED) visit (0.039; P=.043) in the year after the outreach compared with low-LOH intervention members, leading to lower total outpatient spending ($1517; P<.001). Analyses for no-intervention members showed that predictive outreach members would have been expected to have higher inpatient and ED utilization and higher medical spending compared with the traditional care members. CONCLUSIONS: A prediction-driven DM outreach program among patients with CHF was effective in reducing medical spending in the year after the outreach compared with traditional DM outreach programs.