On nonconservativeness of Eringen's nonlocal elasticity in beam mechanics: correction from a discrete-based approach Academic Article uri icon


  • 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. In this paper, the self-adjointness of Eringens nonlocal elasticity is investigated based on simple one-dimensional beam models. It is shown that Eringens model may be nonself-adjoint and that it can result in an unexpected stiffening effect for a cantilevers fundamental vibration frequency with respect to increasing Eringens small length scale coefficient. This is clearly inconsistent with the softening results of all other boundary conditions as well as the higher vibration modes of a cantilever beam. By using a (discrete) microstructured beam model, we demonstrate that the vibration frequencies obtained decrease with respect to an increase in the small length scale parameter. Furthermore, the microstructured beam model is consistently approximated by Eringens nonlocal model for an equivalent set of beam equations in conjunction with variationally based boundary conditions (conservative elastic model). An equivalence principle is shown between the Hamiltonian of the microstructured system and the one of the nonlocal continuous beam system. We then offer a remedy for the special case of the cantilever beam by tweaking the boundary condition for the bending moment of a free end based on the microstructured model.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Challamel, N., Zhang, Z., Wang, C. M., Reddy, J. N., Wang, Q., Michelitsch, T., & Collet, B.

citation count

  • 130

complete list of authors

  • Challamel, Noel||Zhang, Zhen||Wang, CM||Reddy, JN||Wang, Q||Michelitsch, Thomas||Collet, Bernard

publication date

  • October 2014