On the force-displacement characteristics of finite elements for elasticity and related problems
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2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. The displacement based finite element models for hyperelastic materials are considered, and it is shown that - based on the invariance of the discretized strain energy to translations and rigid body rotations of the elements - the magnitude of the nodal forces can be written purely in terms of the strains along the edges composing the elements, while their directions are along the unit vectors corresponding to the edges. In other words, the nodal forces are "truss like" with one major difference: the magnitude of the forces depends upon the extensional strains of neighboring edges. In order to motivate the ideas, we first explicitly demonstrate this result for triangular finite element formulation of plane elasticity problems and then show that the result is valid for any finite element formulation of hyperelasticity.
FINITE ELEMENTS IN ANALYSIS AND DESIGN
author list (cited authors)
Reddy, J. N., & Srinivasa, A.
complete list of authors
Reddy, JN||Srinivasa, Arun