Genome-Scale Characterization of Predicted Plastid-Targeted Proteomes in Higher Plants. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Plastids are morphologically and functionally diverse organelles that are dependent on nuclear-encoded, plastid-targeted proteins for all biochemical and regulatory functions. However, how plastid proteomes vary temporally, spatially, and taxonomically has been historically difficult to analyze at a genome-wide scale using experimental methods. A bioinformatics workflow was developed and evaluated using a combination of fast and user-friendly subcellular prediction programs to maximize performance and accuracy for chloroplast transit peptides and demonstrate this technique on the predicted proteomes of 15 sequenced plant genomes. Gene family grouping was then performed in parallel using modified approaches of reciprocal best BLAST hits (RBH) and UCLUST. A total of 628 protein families were found to have conserved plastid targeting across angiosperm species using RBH, and 828 using UCLUST. However, thousands of clusters were also detected where only one species had predicted plastid targeting, most notably in Panicum virgatum which had 1,458 proteins with species-unique targeting. An average of 45% overlap was found in plastid-targeted protein-coding gene families compared with Arabidopsis, but an additional 20% of proteins matched against the full Arabidopsis proteome, indicating a unique evolution of plastid targeting. Neofunctionalization through subcellular relocalization is known to impart novel biological functions but has not been described before on a genome-wide scale for the plastid proteome. Further work to correlate these predicted novel plastid-targeted proteins to transcript abundance and high-throughput proteomics will uncover unique aspects of plastid biology and shed light on how the plastid proteome has evolved to influence plastid morphology and biochemistry.

published proceedings

  • Sci Rep

author list (cited authors)

  • Christian, R. W., Hewitt, S. L., Roalson, E. H., & Dhingra, A.

complete list of authors

  • Christian, Ryan W||Hewitt, Seanna L||Roalson, Eric H||Dhingra, Amit

publication date

  • January 2020