Cardiovascular abnormalities in dogs with acute pancreatitis.
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and clinical importance of cardiac abnormalities in dogs with acute pancreatitis (AP) is unknown. ANIMALS: Twelve dogs with AP and 60 archived serum samples from dogs with suspected AP. METHODS: Two-phase study. PHASE I: Analysis of archived serum samples from dogs with clinical signs of AP and high Spec cPL concentrations. High sensitivity troponin I (TnIH) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentrations were measured in achieved serum samples. PHASE II: Prospective observational study. Dogs with AP underwent echocardiography and Holter monitoring. Serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and plasma NT-proBNP concentrations were measured. Previously described disease severity indices were calculated for each dog. RESULTS: Phase I: 41 of 60 dogs suspected of having AP had abnormally high TnIH concentrations and 13 of 60 had abnormally high serum NT-proBNP concentrations. Higher TnIH concentrations were observed in dogs with Spec cPL concentration>2000g/L as compared to those with concentrations of 1000-2000g/L. PHASE II: 11 of 12 dogs diagnosed with pancreatitis had abnormal cTnI concentrations (median: 0.384ng/mL, range: 0.041-2.966ng/mL, RI: 0.06ng/mL) and 7 of 12 dogs had plasma NT-proBNP concentrations above the reference interval (median: 971pmol/L, range: 250-2215pmol/L, RI: 900pmol/L). Supraventricular and ventricular ectopic beats occurred in 3 dogs. Echocardiographic abnormalities were detected in 5 dogs. Cardiovascular variables were not associated with indices of disease severity. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Myocardial injury is common in dogs with AP, but clinical consequences appeared to be uncommon in our small cohort. Cardiac biomarkers should be interpreted with caution in dogs with AP.