Comprehensive Assessment for the Impacts of S/IVOC Emissions from Mobile Sources on SOA Formation in China.
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Semivolatile/intermediate-volatility organic compounds (S/IVOCs) from mobile sources are essential SOA contributors. However, few studies have comprehensively evaluated the SOA contributions of S/IVOCs by simultaneously comparing different parameterization schemes. This study used three SOA schemes in the CMAQ model with a measurement-based emission inventory to quantify the mobile source S/IVOC-induced SOA (MS-SI-SOA) for 2018 in China. Among different SOA schemes, SOA predicted by the 2D-VBS scheme was in the best agreement with observations, but there were still large deviations in a few regions. Three SOA schemes showed the peak value of annual average MS-SI-SOA was up to 0.6 0.3 g/m3. High concentrations of MS-SI-SOA were detected in autumn, while the notable relative contribution of MS-SI-SOA to total SOA was predicted in the coastal areas in summer, with a regional average contribution up to 20 10% in Shanghai. MS-SI-SOA concentrations varied by up to 2 times among three SOA schemes, mainly due to the discrepancy in SOA precursor emissions and chemical reactions, suggesting that the differences between SOA schemes should also be considered in modeling studies. These findings identify the hotspot areas and periods for MS-SI-SOA, highlighting the importance of S/IVOC emission control in the future upgrading of emission standards.