Comprehensive Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Genome-Wide Changes Associated with Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress in Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.).
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We treated potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) plantlets with TM and performed gene expression studies to identify genome-wide changes associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and the unfolded protein response (UPR). An extensive network of responses was identified, including chromatin remodeling, transcriptional reprogramming, as well as changes in the structural components of the endomembrane network system. Limited genome-wide changes in alternative RNA splicing patterns of protein-coding transcripts were also discovered. Significant changes in RNA metabolism, components of the translation machinery, as well as factors involved in protein folding and maturation occurred, which included a broader set of genes than expected based on Arabidopsis research. Antioxidant defenses and oxygen metabolic enzymes are differentially regulated, which is expected of cells that may be experiencing oxidative stress or adapting to protect proteins from oxidation. Surges in protein kinase expression indicated early signal transduction events. This study shows early genomic responses including an array of differentially expressed genes that have not been reported in Arabidopsis. These data describe novel ER stress responses in a solanaceous host.
author list (cited authors)
Herath, V., & Verchot, J.
complete list of authors
Herath, Venura||Verchot, Jeanmarie