Friction Factor Behavior From Flat-Plate Tests of 12.15 mm Diameter Hole-Pattern Roughened Surfaces Conference Paper uri icon


  • A flat-plate tester is used to measure the friction-factor behavior for a hole-pattern-roughened surface facing a smooth surface with compressed air as the medium. Measurements of mass flow rate, static pressure drop and stagnation temperature are carried out and used to find a combined (stator + rotor) Fanning friction factor value. In addition, dynamic pressure measurements are made at four axial locations at the bottom of individual holes of the rough plate and at facing locations in the smooth plate. The description of the test rig and instrumentation, and the procedure of testing and calculation are explained in detail in Kheireddin in 2009 and Childs et al. in 2010. Three hole-pattern flat-plates with a hole-pattern diameter of 12.15 mm were tested having depths of 0.9, 1.9, and 2.9 mm. Tests were done with clearances at 0.254, 0.381, and 0.653 mm, and inlet pressures of 56, 70 and 84 bar for a range of pressure ratios, yielding a Reynolds-number range of 100,000 to 800,000. The effects of Reynolds number, clearance, inlet pressure, and hole depth on friction factor are studied. The data are compared to friction factor values of three hole-pattern flat-plates with 3.175 mm diameter holes with hole depths of 1.9, 2.6, and 3.302 mm tested in the same rig described by Kheireddin in 2009. The test program was initiated mainly to investigate a "friction-factor jump" phenomenon cited by Ha et al. in 1992 in test results from a flat-plate tester using facing hole-pattern plates where, at elevated values of Reynolds numbers, the friction factor began to increase steadily with increasing Reynolds numbers. Friction-factor jump was not observed in any of the current test cases. Copyright © 2011 by ASME.

author list (cited authors)

  • Asirvatham, T. D., Childs, D. W., & Phillips, S.

citation count

  • 1

publication date

  • January 2011