Mssbauer-based molecular-level decomposition of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ironome, and preliminary characterization of isolated nuclei.
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One hundred proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae are known to contain iron. These proteins are found mainly in mitochondria, cytosol, nuclei, endoplasmic reticula, and vacuoles. Cells also contain non-proteinaceous low-molecular-mass labile iron pools (LFePs). How each molecular iron species interacts on the cellular or systems' level is underdeveloped as doing so would require considering the entire iron content of the cell-the ironome. In this paper, Mssbauer (MB) spectroscopy was used to probe the ironome of yeast. MB spectra of whole cells and isolated organelles were predicted by summing the spectral contribution of each iron-containing species in the cell. Simulations required input from published proteomics and microscopy data, as well as from previous spectroscopic and redox characterization of individual iron-containing proteins. Composite simulations were compared to experimentally determined spectra. Simulated MB spectra of non-proteinaceous iron pools in the cell were assumed to account for major differences between simulated and experimental spectra of whole cells and isolated mitochondria and vacuoles. Nuclei were predicted to contain 30M iron, mostly in the form of [Fe4S4] clusters. This was experimentally confirmed by isolating nuclei from 57Fe-enriched cells and obtaining the first MB spectra of the organelle. This study provides the first semi-quantitative estimate of all concentrations of iron-containing proteins and non-proteinaceous species in yeast, as well as a novel approach to spectroscopically characterizing LFePs.
author list (cited authors)
Lindahl, P. A., & Vali, S. W.