Using Mobile Video-Teleconferencing to Deliver Secondary Stroke Prevention Interventions: A Pilot Study.
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OBJECTIVES: Patient self-management support (SMS) interventions help stroke survivors control stroke risk factors and assist with secondary prevention. We examined utility and preliminary effectiveness of mobile video-teleconferencing (VT) to deliver SMS to stroke survivors in rural and low-income urban Texas communities. METHODS: We applied a within-subjects design to assess improvement in self-management behaviors and stroke risk factors among stroke survivors receiving SMS intervention through mobile VT. Adults with stroke and two or more uncontrolled stroke risk factors were eligible. The SMS program, Video-teleconference-Self-management TO Prevent stroke (V-STOP) was delivered over 6 weeks by trained health coaches through VT. We applied Generalized Estimating Equations with site and time in intervention as covariates to evaluate psychological, social, physiological outcomes, self-management behaviors, and quality of life. RESULTS: Mean age of 106 participants was 59.3 (10.9); most were White, Hispanic men, living with someone, with low income. Approximately 69% completed all measures at 6 weeks. Median number of sessions attended was 5 (interquartile range 3) potentially avoiding 210 km of travel per person. Satisfaction with V-STOP and VT delivery was high, at (4.8 [0.5]) and (4.7 [0.5]), respectively. Stroke knowledge was improved from 8.8 (1.0) at baseline to 9.6 (0.7) at 12 weeks, (p<0.0001). Improvements were observed in self-efficacy, exercise behaviors, depression and anxiety, disability, and quality of life. CONCLUSION: Implementation of SMS is feasible and shows good utility and preliminary effectiveness of using mobile VT to provide stroke follow-up care to stroke survivors. Participants improved self-management behaviors and stroke risk factors.