Effects of sustained swimming exercise on growth and body composition responses of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus), and hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysopsM. saxatilis).
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Exercise has been shown to increase growth of many salmonid species. However, limited research has evaluated exercise on warmwater species. The present study was conducted to evaluate with tilapia, red drum (RD), and hybrid striped bass (HSB), the effects of swimming (exercising) in a constant slow current of approximately one body length/s (1bl/s) compared to not being forced to swim in a static culture system. Concurrent trials were conducted with 22 advanced juvenile male Nile tilapia (Wt0 97.92.4g), 38 juvenile red drum (Wt0 74.94.4g), and 20 juvenile HSB (Wt0 78.03.2g). Equal numbers of fish of each species were pit tagged and randomly assigned to two tanks, one operated static (control) and the other with current (exercised), which were all part of the same recirculating aquaculture system. Fish were fed to satiation twice daily a commercial diet and individually weighed every 2weeks through 7weeks. Significant (P0.05) enhancements of weight gain were observed for exercised tilapia and RD vs static (control) treatments. Reduced growth was observed in exercised HSB, possibly due to consistently skittish feeding behavior. Hepatosomatic index was lower in all exercised fish, though not significantly so for RD and tilapia. Significant reductions also were detected in liver glycogen of exercised tilapia and RD. Results from this study indicate that continuous exercise beneficially affected aspects of tilapia and red drum growth and altered their body composition.
author list (cited authors)
Burns, A., & Gatlin, D. M.
complete list of authors
Burns, Alton||Gatlin, Delbert M