Fabrication of a Completely Biological and Anisotropic Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Based Vascular Graft. Chapter uri icon


  • Tissue-engineered small-diameter vascular grafts are required to match mechanical properties as well as cellular and extracellular architecture of native blood vessels. Although various engineering technologies have been developed, the most reliable strategy highlights the needs for incorporating completely biological components and anisotropic cellular and biomolecular organization into the tissue-engineered vascular graft (TEVG). Based on the antithrombogenic, immunoregulatory, and regenerative properties of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), this chapter provides a step-by-step protocol for generating a completely biological and anisotropic TEVG that comprises of hMSCs and highly aligned extracellular matrix (ECM) nanofibers. The hMSCs were grown on an aligned nanofibrous ECM scaffold derived from an oriented human dermal fibroblast (hDF) sheet and then wrapped around a temporary mandrel to form a tubular assembly, followed by a maturation process in a rotating wall vessel (RWV) bioreactor. The resulting TEVG demonstrates anisotropic structural and mechanical properties similar to that of native blood vessels. A completely biological, anisotropic, and mechanically strong TEVG that incorporates immunoregulatory hMSCs is promising to meet the urgent needs of a surgical intervention for bypass grafting.

author list (cited authors)

  • He, W., Sharma, D., Jia, W., & Zhao, F.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • He, Weilue||Sharma, Dhavan||Jia, Wenkai||Zhao, Feng

Book Title


publication date

  • January 2022