The 32 achievement goal model and its relation to students' persistence/effort in college physical activity classes. Academic Article uri icon


  • Objective: This study examined (1) the validity and reliability of the 32 achievement goal questionnaire (32 AGQ) in a college physical activity (PA) setting, and (2) relationships between achievement goals and students' persistence/effort. Methods: Participants were 556 students (M=20.31years, SD=1.34; 305 males; 251 females) enrolled in PA classes at a major university in the southwest U.S. Results: Results indicated that the 32 AGQ failed to assess six achievement goals as construed in the 32 model of achievement goals in academic settings. However, it served as a reliable and valid measure assessing task/self-approach, task/self-avoidance, other-approach, and other-avoidance goals in a college PA setting. All except other-avoidance goals were found motivationally beneficial and positively predicted persistence/effort. Conclusions: Instructors are encouraged to figure out how to use their influences and peers' influences to help students endorse achievement goals that contribute to positive motivation, such as task/self-approach goals.

published proceedings

  • J Am Coll Health

author list (cited authors)

  • Lee, J., Xiang, P., Liu, J., & McBride, R. E.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Lee, Jihye||Xiang, Ping||Liu, Jiling||McBride, Ron E

publication date

  • January 2022