Hydrogen Effect on the Sound Velocities of Upper Mantle Omphacite Academic Article uri icon


  • Clinopyroxene (Cpx) is commonly believed to be the best structural water (hydrogen) carrier among all major upper mantle nominally anhydrous minerals (NAMs). In this study, we have measured the single-crystal elastic properties of a Cpx, a natural omphacite with ~710 ppm water at ambient pressure (P) and temperature (T) conditions. Utilizing the single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron microprobe data, the unit cell parameters and density were determined as a = 9.603(9) , b = 8.774(3) , c = 5.250(2) , = 106.76(5)o, V = 255.1(4) 3, and = 3.340(6) g/cm3. We performed Brillouin spectroscopy experiments on four single crystals along a total of 52 different crystallographic directions. The best-fit single-crystal elastic moduli (Cijs), bulk and shear moduli were determined as: C11 = 245(1) GPa, C22 = 210(2) GPa, C33 = 249.6(9) GPa, C44 = 75.7(9) GPa, C55 = 71.2(5) GPa, C66 = 76(1) GPa, C12 = 85(2) GPa, C13 = 70(1) GPa, C23 = 66(2) GPa, C15 = 8.0(6) GPa, C25 = 6(1) GPa, C35 = 34.7(6) GPa, and C46 = 8.7(7) GPa, KS0 = 125(3) GPa, and G0 = 75(2) GPa, respectively. Compared with the anticipated elastic properties of an anhydrous omphacite with the same chemical composition, our results indicate that the incorporation of ~710 ppm structural water has no resolvable effect on the aggregate elastic properties of omphacite, although small differences (up to ~9 GPa) were observed in C13, C25, C44, and C66.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Mans, W., Zhang, J. S., Hao, M., Smyth, J. R., Zhang, D., Finkelstein, G. J., & Dera, P.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Mans, Wade||Zhang, Jin S||Hao, Ming||Smyth, Joseph R||Zhang, Dongzhou||Finkelstein, Gregory J||Dera, Przemyslaw

publication date

  • January 2019