An Externally-Heated Diamond Anvil Cell for Synthesis and Single-Crystal Elasticity Determination of Ice-VII at High Pressure-Temperature Conditions. Academic Article uri icon


  • The externally-heated diamond anvil cell (EHDAC) can be used to generate simultaneously high-pressure and high-temperature conditions found in Earth's and planetary interiors. Here we describe the design and fabrication of the EHDAC assemblies and accessories, including ring resistive heaters, thermal and electrical insulating layers, thermocouple placement, as well as the experimental protocol for preparing the EHDAC using these parts. The EHDAC can be routinely used to generate megabar pressures and up to 900 K temperatures in open air, and potentially higher temperatures up to ~1200 K with a protective atmosphere (i.e., Ar mixed with 1% H2). Compared with a laser-heating method for reaching temperatures typically >1100 K, external heating can be easily implemented and provide a more stable temperature at 900 K and less temperature gradients to the sample. We showcased the application of the EHDAC for synthesis of single crystal ice-VII and studied its single-crystal elastic properties using synchrotron-based X-ray diffraction and Brillouin scattering at simultaneously high-pressure high-temperature conditions.

published proceedings

  • J Vis Exp

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Lai, X., Zhu, F., Zhang, J. S., Zhang, D., Tkachev, S., Prakapenka, V. B., & Chen, B.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Lai, Xiaojing||Zhu, Feng||Zhang, Jin S||Zhang, Dongzhou||Tkachev, Sergey||Prakapenka, Vitali B||Chen, Bin

publication date

  • January 2020