What Signals Do Packet-pair Dispersions Carry? Conference Paper uri icon


  • Although packet-pair probing has been used as one of the primary mechanisms to measure bottleneck capacity, cross-traffic intensity, and available bandwidth of end-to-end Internet paths, there is still no conclusive answer as to what information about the path is contained in the output packet-pair dispersions and how it is encoded. In this paper, we address this issue by deriving closed-form expression of packet-pair dispersion in the context of a single-hop path and general bursty cross-traffic arrival. Under the assumptions of cross-traffic stationarity and ASTA sampling, we examine the statistical properties of the information encoded in inter-packet spacings and derive the asymptotic average of the output packet-pair dispersions as a closed-form function of the input dispersion. We show that this result is different from what was obtained in prior work using fluid cross-traffic models and that this discrepancy has a significant impact on the accuracy of packet-pair bandwidth estimation. ©2005 IEEE.

author list (cited authors)

  • Liu, X., Ravindran, K., & Loguinov, D.

citation count

  • 11

publication date

  • January 2005