Adsorption and detoxification of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid by montmorillonite clays. Academic Article uri icon


  • The co-occurrence of mixtures of glyphosate (GLP) and aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) in contaminated water, soil, sediment, and plants is a cause for concern due to potential threats to the ecosystem and human health. Major routes of exposure include contact with contaminated water and soil and through consumption of crops containing GLP and AMPA residues. Calcium montmorillonite (CM) and acid-processed montmorillonite (APM) clays were investigated for their ability to tightly sorb and detoxify GLP and AMPA mixtures. In vitro adsorption and desorption isotherms and thermodynamic analysis indicated saturable Langmuir binding of both chemicals with high capacities, affinities, enthalpies, and free energies of sorption and low desorption rates. In silico computational modeling indicated that both GLP and AMPA can be readily absorbed onto clay surfaces through electrostatic interactions and hydrogen bonding. The safety and efficacy of the clays were confirmed using well-established living organisms, including an aquatic cnidarian (Hydra vulgaris), a soil nematode (Caenorhabditis elegans), and a floating plant (Lemna minor). Low levels of clay inclusion (0.05% and 0.2%) in the culture medium resulted in increased growth and protection against chemical mixtures based on multiple endpoints. Results indicated that montmorillonite clays may be used to bind mixtures of GLP and AMPA in water, soil, and plants.

published proceedings

  • Environ Sci Pollut Res Int

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Wang, M., Rivenbark, K. J., & Phillips, T. D.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Wang, Meichen||Rivenbark, Kelly J||Phillips, Timothy D

publication date

  • January 2023