Oral antidiabetic drug use and associated health outcomes in cancer patients. Academic Article uri icon


  • WHAT IS NEW AND OBJECTIVE: To assess oral antidiabetic drug use and associated health outcomes in American non-elderly adults with cancer METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted by analysing the Marketscan() Commercial Claims and Encounters Database from 2008 to 2009. Individuals 18-64years with concomitant diagnoses of cancer (breast, prostate, colon or lung) and type 2 diabetes, and treated with oral antidiabetic medications were included. Medication adherence was assessed using the Medication Possession Ratio (MPR); logistic regression was used to analyse factors associated with non-adherence. Adherence was compared between patients with cancer and non-cancer controls matched by propensity scores. Negative binomial regression was utilized to examine the effect of antidiabetic drug adherence on all-cause hospitalizations and emergency room visits. The impact of adherence on total medical costs was then evaluated using the generalized linear model (GLM) with the log-link function and gamma error distribution. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Of 1918 diabetic, cancer patients who newly initiated oral diabetic drugs, only 376% were adherent to oral diabetic medications; a similar proportion of adherence was found in the non-cancer control population (358%, P=024). Younger age, living in the southern region, using combination therapy vs. monotherapy, and using retail pharmacy vs. mail order pharmacy were significantly associated with non-adherence in patients with cancer. Adherence to oral antidiabetic drugs was associated with 24% fewer all-cause hospitalizations (P=002). WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: We identified high prevalence of non-adherence to oral antidiabetic medications as well as negative consequences associated with non-adherence, among patients with cancer. These findings may underscore the importance of developing relevant intervention strategies for improving diabetes management and treatment outcomes among cancer patients with diabetes.

published proceedings

  • J Clin Pharm Ther

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Tan, X., Feng, X., Chang, J., Higa, G., Wang, L., & Leslie, D.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Tan, X||Feng, X||Chang, J||Higa, G||Wang, L||Leslie, D

publication date

  • October 2016