Palliative care and healthcare utilization among deceased metastatic lung cancer patients in U.S. hospitals.
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OBJECTIVE: The benefits of palliative care for cancer patients were well developed; however, the characteristics of receiving palliative care and the utilization patterns among lung cancer patients have not been explored using a large-scale representative population-based sample. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample of the United States was used to identify deceased metastatic lung cancer patients (n=5,068, weighted n=25,121) from 2010 to 2014. We examined the characteristics of receiving palliative care use and the association between palliative care and healthcare utilization, measured by discounted hospital charges and LOS (length of stay). The multivariate survey logistic regression model (to identify predictors for receipts of palliative care) and the survey linear regression model (to measure how palliative care is associated with healthcare utilization) were used. RESULTS: Among 25,121 patients, 50.1% had palliative care during the study period. Survey logistic results showed that patients with higher household income were more likely to receive palliative care than those in lower-income groups. In addition, during hospitalization, receiving palliative care was associated with11.2% lower LOS and 28.4% lower discounted total charges than the non-receiving group. CONCLUSION: Clinical evidence demonstrates the benefits of palliative care as it is associated with efficient end-of-life healthcare utilization. Health policymakers must become aware of the characteristics of receiving the care and the importance of limited healthcare resource allocation as palliative care continues to grow in cancer treatment.
author list (cited authors)
Chang, J., Han, K., Medina, M., & Kim, S. J.
complete list of authors
Chang, Jongwha||Han, Kyu-Tae||Medina, Mar||Kim, Sun Jung