Developing a Screening Tool for Osmotic Stress Tolerance Classification of Rice Cultivars Based on In Vitro Seed Germination Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Dry direct seeding is the common practice for growing rice (Oryza sativa L.) in the US MidSouth. Dry soil conditions during sowing may cause delayed and nonuniform seed germination that can be further aggravated by the low temperature conditions. Understanding the response of rice cultivars to drought stress during seed germination would be useful in optimizing direct seeding practices. An in vitro experiment was conducted to study the impact of osmotic stress using polyethylene glycol on seed germination traits of 15 rice cultivars commonly grown in the US MidSouth production system. Time series data for seed germination were generated at a wide range of osmotic potentials (0 to 1.0 MPa with 0.2MPa increments). Seed germination rate, maximum seed germination, maximum osmotic potential when seed germination was zero, and maximum osmotic potential when seed germination rate was zero were derived based on regression techniques between these parameters and osmotic potential. The rate of maximum seed germination and the seed germination rate decreased significantly with decreasing osmotic potential. A cumulative drought response index was developed by summing individual response indices of parameters. It was used to classify cultivars into three droughttolerant groups: high, medium, and low. Among the 15 cultivars tested, Cheniere was identified as least tolerant and RU1204122 as the most tolerant to drought. The identified tolerance among the rice cultivars would help the rice producers in selecting the cultivar that can best germinate in a specific environment and would help rice breeders in developing drought tolerant cultivars for variable climatic conditions.

published proceedings

  • Crop Science

author list (cited authors)

  • Singh, B., Reddy, K. R., Redoa, E. D., & Walker, T.

complete list of authors

  • Singh, Bhupinder||Reddy, K Raja||RedoƱa, Edilberto D||Walker, Timothy

publication date

  • January 2017

publisher