An MINLP model for biofouling control in seawater-cooled facilities Academic Article uri icon


  • The use of seawater as a cooling agent in industrial plants is becoming a common practice in regions with water scarcity. One of the main problems of this approach is the heat transfer reduction due to biofouling in the heat exchangers. Biocide agents and scheduled maintenances are commonly used to control the biofilm growth. Dechlorination agents are also used to reduce the biocide concentration in the water discharge. In this work, a mathematical programming approach to develop optimal policies of biocide continuous dosing, dechlorination agents continuous dosing and maintenance scheduling for a seawater-cooled power desalination plant is presented. The resulting mixed integer nonlinear programming model can be used to test different dosing policies to detect a superior one. For the case study presented, results show that daily dosing policies offer an optimum economic policy, although biweekly and monthly dosing policies might provide a suitable compromise between economic and operating issues. 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Napoles-Rivera, F., Bin-Mahfouz, A., Jimenez-Gutierrez, A., El-Halwagi, M. M., & Maria Ponce-Ortega, J.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Nápoles-Rivera, Fabricio||Bin-Mahfouz, Abdullah||Jiménez-Gutiérrez, Arturo||El-Halwagi, Mahmoud M||Ponce-Ortega, José María

publication date

  • February 2012