High throughput exploration of the oxidation landscape in high entropy alloys. Academic Article uri icon


  • High entropy alloys (HEAs) have gained interest for structural applications in extreme environments. With a potentially vast chemical and phase space, there are significant opportunities to discover superior performing alloys. Crucial for most high-temperature applications is understanding and mitigating the oxidation behavior of these chemically complex alloys. Most experimental and computational HEA studies have focused on a limited set of compositions and only a fraction of these compositions have been characterized for oxidation. We present a high-throughput framework that utilizes density-functional theory (DFT) in concert with a combined machine-learning model and grand-canonical linear programming for assessing phase stability, phase-fraction, chemical activity and high-temperature survivability of arbitrary HEAs. This framework considers temperature dependent contributions to the Gibbs energy of the competing phases arising from short-range order and vibrational entropy. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the framework by assessing the thermodynamic stability, oxidation behavior, chemical activity, and phase decomposition of body-centered cubic Mo-W-Ta-Ti-Zr refractory HEAs. A total of 51 compositions were analyzed and ranked in order of their survivability based on the Pareto-front analysis. Oxidation was performed at 1373 K on four samples in air showing the difference in oxidation behavior determined experimentally through scale thickness and their mass changes. The insights on oxidation behavior presented in this work will enable the fast assessment of technologically useful HEAs needed for future structural application in extreme conditions.

published proceedings

  • Mater Horiz

altmetric score

  • 34.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Sauceda, D., Singh, P., Ouyang, G., Palasyuk, O., Kramer, M. J., & Arryave, R.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Sauceda, D||Singh, P||Ouyang, G||Palasyuk, O||Kramer, MJ||Arróyave, R

publication date

  • January 2022