Towards building smart self-folding structures Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • We report our initial progress on synthesizing complex structures from programmable self-folding active materials, which we call Smart Multi-Use Reconfigurable Forms. We have developed a method to unfold a given convex polygonal mesh into a one-piece planar surface. We analyze the behavior of this surface as if it were constructed from realistic active materials such as shape memory alloys (SMAs), in which sharp creases and folds are not feasible. These active materials can change their shapes when they are heated and have been applied to medical, aerospace, and automotive applications in the engineering realm. We demonstrate via material constitutive modeling and utilization of finite element analysis (FEA) that by appropriately heating the unfolded planar surface it is possible to recover the 3D shape of the original polygonal mesh. We have simulated the process and our finite element analysis simulations demonstrate that these active materials can be raised against gravity, formed, and reconfigured automatically in three dimensions with appropriate heating in a manner that extends previous work in the area of programmable matter. Based on our results, we believe that it is possible to use active materials to develop reprogrammable self-folding complex structures. 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
  • We report our initial progress on synthesizing complex structures from programmable self-folding active materials, which we call Smart Multi-Use Reconfigurable Forms. We have developed a method to unfold a given convex polygonal mesh into a one-piece planar surface. We analyze the behavior of this surface as if it were constructed from realistic active materials such as shape memory alloys (SMAs), in which sharp creases and folds are not feasible. These active materials can change their shapes when they are heated and have been applied to medical, aerospace, and automotive applications in the engineering realm. We demonstrate via material constitutive modeling and utilization of finite element analysis (FEA) that by appropriately heating the unfolded planar surface it is possible to recover the 3D shape of the original polygonal mesh. We have simulated the process and our finite element analysis simulations demonstrate that these active materials can be raised against gravity, formed, and reconfigured automatically in three dimensions with appropriate heating in a manner that extends previous work in the area of programmable matter. Based on our results, we believe that it is possible to use active materials to develop reprogrammable self-folding complex structures. © 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

published proceedings

  • COMPUTERS & GRAPHICS-UK

author list (cited authors)

  • Hernandez, E., Hu, S., Kung, H. W., Hartl, D., & Akleman, E.

citation count

  • 29

complete list of authors

  • Hernandez, Edwin Alexander Peraza||Hu, Shiyu||Kung, Han Wei||Hartl, Darren||Akleman, Ergun

publication date

  • October 2013