Network-Wide Clock Synchronization via Message Passing with Exponentially Distributed Link Delays Academic Article uri icon


  • Clock synchronization has become an indispensable requirement in wireless sensor networks due to its central importance in vital network operations such as data fusion and duty cycling, and has attracted considerable research interest recently. Assuming exponentially distributed random delays in a two-way message exchange mechanism, this work proposes a network-wide clock synchronization algorithm using a factor graph representation of the network. Message passing using the max-product algorithm is adopted to derive the update rules for the proposed iterative procedure. A closed form solution is obtained for each node's belief about its clock offset at each iteration. Simulation results show that the application of the proposed message passing-based network-wide clock synchronization algorithm provides convergent estimates for both regular cycle-free and random topologies. Moreover, the mean square error (MSE) performance of the proposed algorithm is also compared with the Cramer-Rao bound (CRB) for small example networks, which further highlights the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. 2013 IEEE.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Zennaro, D., Ahmad, A., Vangelista, L., Serpedin, E., Nounou, H., & Nounou, M.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Zennaro, Davide||Ahmad, Aitzaz||Vangelista, Lorenzo||Serpedin, Erchin||Nounou, Hazem||Nounou, Mohamed

publication date

  • May 2013