Domains of the TF protein important in regulating its own palmitoylation.
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Sindbis virus particles contain the viral proteins capsid, E1 and E2, and low levels of a small membrane protein called TF. TF is produced during a (-1) programmed ribosomal frameshifting event during the translation of the structural polyprotein. TF from Sindbis virus-infected cells is present in two palmitoylated states, basal and maximal; unpalmitoylated TF is not detectable. Mutagenesis studies demonstrated that without palmitoylation, TF is not incorporated into released virions, suggesting palmitoylation of TF is a regulated step in virus assembly. In this work, we identified Domains within the TF protein that regulate its palmitoylation state. Mutations and insertions in Domain III, a region proposed to be in the cytoplasmic loop of TF, increase levels of unpalmitoylated TF found during an infection but still unpalmitoylated TF was not incorporated into virions. Mutations in Domain IV, the TF unique region, are likely to impact the balance between basal and maximal palmitoylation.
author list (cited authors)
Ramsey, J., Chavez, M., & Mukhopadhyay, S.
complete list of authors
Ramsey, Jolene||Chavez, Marbella||Mukhopadhyay, Suchetana