Characterization and complete genome sequence of Privateer, a highly prolate Proteus mirabilis podophage.
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The Gram-negative bacterium Proteus mirabilis causes a large proportion of catheter-associated urinary tract infections, which are among the world's most common nosocomial infections. Here, we characterize P. mirabilis bacteriophage Privateer, a prolate podophage of the C3 morphotype isolated from Texas wastewater treatment plant activated sludge. Basic characterization assays demonstrated Privateer has a latent period of ~40 min and average burst size around 140. In the 90.7 kb Privateer genome, 43 functions were assigned for the 144 predicted protein-coding genes. Genes encoding DNA replication proteins, DNA modification proteins, four tRNAs, lysis proteins, and structural proteins were identified. Cesium-gradient purified Privateer particles analyzed via LC-MS/MS verified the presence of several predicted structural proteins, including a longer, minor capsid protein apparently produced by translational frameshift. Comparative analysis demonstrated Privateer shares 83% nucleotide similarity with Cronobacter phage vB_CsaP_009, but low nucleotide similarity with other known phages. Predicted structural proteins in Privateer appear to have evolutionary relationships with other prolate podophages, in particular the Kuraviruses.
author list (cited authors)
Corban, J. E., & Ramsey, J.
complete list of authors
Corban, James E||Ramsey, Jolene