Improvement in Clinical Outcomes and Access to Care With Pharmacist-Led Chronic Care Management Services at a Rural Family Medicine Clinic. Academic Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND: Chronic care management (CCM) can significantly impact the management of chronic diseases in rural patient populations. To date, few practice models have addressed its impact on clinical outcomes and access to care in rural practice settings. OBJECTIVE: Implement a sustainable pharmacist-led CCM practice model while tracking clinical outcomes and healthcare access at a rural, medically underserved family medicine clinic. METHODS: This study retrospectively examined data from the clinic's CCM program from October 2020 through May 2021 and included total clinical encounters at three- and 6-months intervals, as well as changes in clinical outcomes like A1c and systolic blood pressure (SBP) at three- and 6-months intervals. RESULTS: Over an 8-month period, 46 patients were enrolled in pharmacist-led CCM services. Those with a CCM encounter or office visit within 3 months of enrollment showed a mean A1c reduction of 1.07% after 3 months (95% CI -1.70 to -.44, P = .0016), while those with an encounter or office visit within 6 months of enrollment displayed a mean A1c reduction of 1.64% after 6 months (95% CI -2.35 to -.92, P < .001). There was a 73.8% increase in total clinical encounters in the 6 months after CCM enrollment compared to the 6 months preceding it, signifying increased access to care. CONCLUSION: Patients with CCM encounters or office visits within the first 3-6 months experienced statistically significant reductions in A1c. Moreover, total clinical encounters markedly increased in the 6 months after enrollment, allowing for more frequent engagement between ambulatory pharmacists and traditionally challenging rural patients.

published proceedings

  • J Pharm Pract

author list (cited authors)

  • Tenpas, A. S., Vascimini, A., Westwood, G., Morris, E., Dietrich, E., & DeRemer, C.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Tenpas, Andrew S||Vascimini, Angelina||Westwood, Greg||Morris, Earl||Dietrich, Eric||DeRemer, Christina

publication date

  • January 2022