Continuous administration of low-dose GnRH in mares I. Control of persistent anovulation during the ovulatory season. Academic Article uri icon


  • Three experiments were conducted during the operational breeding season to confirm that continuous, subcutaneous infusion of low-dose GnRH would not disrupt established estrous cycles (Experiment 1), and test the hypotheses that a similar treatment would stimulate secretion of LH and induce development of ovulatory follicles in persistently anovulatory mares (Experiments 2 and 3). Treatment with GnRH (5 microg/h) increased (P<0.001) serum P4 during the luteal phase (7.7+/-0.5 versus 6.4+/-0.5 ng/mL), tended to increase serum LH (2.6+/-0.27 versus 1.9+/-0.25 ng/mL), and did not modify interovulatory intervals. In Experiment 2, GnRH treatment (2.5-5 microg/h) of persistently anovulatory mares increased (P<0.001) serum LH compared to controls (0.5+/-0.08 versus 0.1+/-0.03 ng/mL), with all GnRH-treated and no Control mares ovulating. Mares exhibiting Delayed Recrudescence (n=29) or Lactational Anovulation (n=18), were assigned randomly in Experiment 3 to receive either (1) GnRH/GnRH (n=23); 2.5 microg GnRH/h for 14 d (Period I) and 5 microg/h during the subsequent 28 d (Periods II and III); or (2) Control/GnRH (n=24); no treatment during Period I (control period) and GnRH treatments as in 1 during Periods II and III. Percentage of mares ovulating and pregnant during Period I was greater (P<0.05) for GnRH-treated than Control mares. Thereafter, cumulative ovulation frequency (85%), pregnancy (72%) and cycles/conception (1.3+/-0.2) were similar between groups; however, interval to conception was reduced (P<0.01) by 10.3 d in GnRH/GnRH compared to Control/GnRH.

published proceedings

  • Theriogenology

author list (cited authors)

  • Williams, G. L., Amstalden, M., Blodgett, G. P., Ward, J. E., Unnerstall, D. A., & Quirk, K. S.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Williams, GL||Amstalden, M||Blodgett, GP||Ward, JE||Unnerstall, DA||Quirk, KS

publication date

  • July 2007