Glucose profiles in obstructive sleep apnea and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Academic Article uri icon


  • OBJECTIVES: Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) provides temporal data on glycemic variability, a predictor of outcomes related to type 2 diabetes mellitus. The current study sought to determine whether CGM-derived metrics in patients with type 2 diabetes are different in moderate-to-severe versus mild obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: In adults with type 2 diabetes, home testing was used of assess the presence of OSA. CGM data were collected for at least 7 days in those with an oxygen desaturation index (ODI)5 events/hr. The study sample was divided into mild (ODI: 5.0-14.9 events/hr) and moderate-to-severe OSA (ODI 15 events/hr). Actigraphy was used to distinguish the wake and sleep periods. CGM-derived metrics were compared between the two groups using multivariable regression models. RESULTS: Compared to mild OSA, patients with moderate-to-severe OSA had higher mean glucose levels during sleep (adjusted difference 8.4mg/dL; p-value: 0.03) and wakefulness (adjusted difference 7.1mg/dL; p-value: 0.06). Moderate-to-severe OSA patients also had lower odds for having their glucose values within the acceptable range during wakefulness than those with mild OSA (adjusted odds ratio of 0.63; p-value: 0.02). The mean amplitude of glycemic excursion and standard deviation of the rate of change in glucose values (SD-ROC) were higher in moderate-to-severe than mild OSA, but only during wakefulness. Sex modified the association between OSA severity and SD-ROC, but not the other CGM-derived metrics. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with type 2 diabetes, moderate-to-severe OSA is associated with greater abnormalities in CGM-derived metrics than mild OSA with notable differences between sleep and wakefulness.

published proceedings

  • Sleep Med

author list (cited authors)

  • Aurora, R. N., Gaynanova, I., Patel, P., & Punjabi, N. M.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Aurora, R Nisha||Gaynanova, Irina||Patel, Pratik||Punjabi, Naresh M

publication date

  • July 2022