Continuous cuffless monitoring of arterial blood pressure via graphene bioimpedance tattoos. Academic Article uri icon


  • Continuous monitoring of arterial blood pressure (BP) in non-clinical (ambulatory) settings is essential for understanding numerous health conditions, including cardiovascular diseases. Besides their importance in medical diagnosis, ambulatory BP monitoring platforms can advance disease correlation with individual behaviour, daily habits and lifestyle, potentially enabling analysis of root causes, prognosis and disease prevention. Although conventional ambulatory BP devices exist, they are uncomfortable, bulky and intrusive. Here we introduce a wearable continuous BP monitoring platform that is based on electrical bioimpedance and leverages atomically thin, self-adhesive, lightweight and unobtrusive graphene electronic tattoos as human bioelectronic interfaces. The graphene electronic tattoos are used to monitor arterial BP for >300min, a period tenfold longer than reported in previous studies. The BP is recorded continuously and non-invasively, with an accuracy of 0.24.5mmHg for diastolic pressures and 0.25.8mmHg for systolic pressures, a performance equivalent to Grade A classification.

published proceedings

  • Nat Nanotechnol

altmetric score

  • 548.654

author list (cited authors)

  • Kireev, D., Sel, K., Ibrahim, B., Kumar, N., Akbari, A., Jafari, R., & Akinwande, D.

citation count

  • 41

complete list of authors

  • Kireev, Dmitry||Sel, Kaan||Ibrahim, Bassem||Kumar, Neelotpala||Akbari, Ali||Jafari, Roozbeh||Akinwande, Deji

publication date

  • August 2022