QTL mapping under salt stress in rice using a Kalarata-Azucena population.
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UNLABELLED: Salt stress is a major constraint across large rice production areas in Asia, because of the high sensitivity of modern rice varieties. To identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with salt tolerance in rice, we developed an F2 population from a cross between the salt-tolerant landrace, Kalarata, and the salt-sensitive parent, Azucena. F3 families from this population were screened and scored for salt tolerance using IRRI's Standard evaluation system (SES). Growth, biomass, Na+ and K+ concentrations in leaf tissues, and chlorophyll concentration were determined. A genetic linkage map was constructed with 151 SSRs and InDel markers, which cover 1463cM with an average distance of 9.69cM between loci. A total of 13 QTL were identified using Composite Interval Mapping for 16 traits. Several novel QTL were identified in this study, the largest is for root sodium concentration (LOD=11.0, R2=25.0) on chromosome 3, which also co-localize with a QTL for SES. Several QTL on the short arm of chromosome 1 coincide with the Saltol locus identified before. The novel QTL identified in this study constitute future targets for molecular breeding, to combine them with other QTL identified before, for higher tolerance and stable performance of rice varieties in salt affected soils. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s10681-022-03026-8.
author list (cited authors)
de Ocampo, M. P., Ho, V. T., Thomson, M. J., Mitsuya, S., Yamauchi, A., & Ismail, A. M.
complete list of authors
de Ocampo, Marjorie P||Ho, Viet The||Thomson, Michael J||Mitsuya, Shiro||Yamauchi, Akira||Ismail, Abdelbagi M