ZrO2/ZnO/TiO2 Nanocomposite Coatings on Stainless Steel for Improved Corrosion Resistance, Biocompatibility, and Antimicrobial Activity. Academic Article uri icon


  • The ultrathin nanocomposite coatings made of zirconium oxide (ZrO2), zinc oxide (ZnO), and titanium oxide (TiO2) on stainless steel (SS) were prepared by the radio frequency sputtering method, and the effects of the nanocomposite coating on corrosion protection and antibacterial activities of nanocomposite coated SS were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy was conducted to observe surface morphology of nanocomposite coatings with distinct distribution of grains with the formation on SS substrate. From the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy results, ZrO2/ZnO/TiO2 nanocomposite coating showed excellent corrosion protection performance at 37 C during immersion in simulated body fluid and saliva solution for 12 and 4 weeks, respectively. The impedance of ZrO2/ZnO/TiO2 (40/10/50) nanocomposite coated SS exhibited values about 5 orders of magnitude higher than that of uncoated SS with polarization at the low-frequency region. Cell viability of ZrO2/ZnO/TiO2 nanocomposite coated SS was examined under mouse fibroblasts culture (L929), and it was observed that the nanocomposite coating improves proliferation through effective cellular attachment compared to uncoated SS. From the antimicrobial activity results, ZrO2/ZnO/TiO2 nanocomposite-coated SS showed killing efficiency of 81.2% and 72.4% against Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus, respectively.

published proceedings

  • ACS Appl Mater Interfaces

author list (cited authors)

  • Lee, M., Han, S., Kim, C., Velumani, S., Han, A., Kassiba, A. H., & Castaneda, H.

complete list of authors

  • Lee, Minho||Han, Song-I||Kim, Changkyu||Velumani, Subramaniam||Han, Arum||Kassiba, Abdel Hadi||Castaneda, Homero

publication date

  • March 2022