Identification of QTLs for Reduced Susceptibility to Rose Rosette Disease in Diploid Roses.
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Resistance to rose rosette disease (RRD), a fatal disease of roses (Rosa spp.), is a high priority for rose breeding. As RRD resistance is time-consuming to phenotype, the identification of genetic markers for resistance could expedite breeding efforts. However, little is known about the genetics of RRD resistance. Therefore, we performed a quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis on a set of inter-related diploid rose populations phenotyped for RRD resistance and identified four QTLs. Two QTLs were found in multiple years. The most consistent QTL is qRRV_TX2WSE_ch5, which explains approximately 20% and 40% of the phenotypic variation in virus quantity and severity of RRD symptoms, respectively. The second, a QTL on chromosome 1, qRRD_TX2WSE_ch1, accounts for approximately 16% of the phenotypic variation for severity. Finally, a third QTL on chromosome 3 was identified only in the multiyear analysis, and a fourth on chromosome 6 was identified in data from one year only. In addition, haplotypes associated with significant changes in virus quantity and severity were identified for qRRV_TX2WSE_ch5 and qRRD_TX2WSE_ch1. This research represents the first report of genetic determinants of resistance to RRD. In addition, marker trait associations discovered here will enable better parental selection when breeding for RRD resistance and pave the way for marker-assisted selection for RRD resistance.
author list (cited authors)
Young, E. L., Lau, J., Bentley, N. B., Rawandoozi, Z., Collins, S., Windham, M. T., ... Riera-Lizarazu, O.
complete list of authors
Young, Ellen L||Lau, Jeekin||Bentley, Nolan B||Rawandoozi, Zena||Collins, Sara||Windham, Mark T||Klein, Patricia E||Byrne, David H||Riera-Lizarazu, Oscar