Prevalence of Nonendodontic Diagnoses in Periapical Biopsies: A 6-year Institutional Experience. Academic Article uri icon


  • INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to identify nonendodontic periapical lesions (NPLs) mimicking endodontic pathosis, which are most frequently encountered by clinicians. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on biopsies obtained from 2015-2020 at Texas A&M College of Dentistry's oral pathology laboratory. The online database was screened for cases submitted as suspected endodontic pathology using specific key words. Histologic diagnoses were collected to determine the prevalence of NPLs that were originally thought to be of endodontic origin. The frequency and percentage of endodontic pathology and NPLs were documented. RESULTS: Among 6704 biopsies clinically diagnosed as endodontic lesions, 190 (2.8%) were histopathologically diagnosed as NPLs. The most frequent NPLs were odontogenic keratocytes' (n=70, 36.8%), cemento-osseous dysplasia (n=27, 14.2%), and dentigerous cysts (n=22, 11.6%). Of all NPLs, 3.7% were malignant neoplasms, with the most common diagnosis being squamous cell carcinoma. Of 6514 endodontic histologic diagnoses, the prevalence of periapical granulomas and cysts was 60.2% (n=3924) and 39.1% (n=2549), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Although most endodontic submissions are likely to be histologically diagnosed as periapical granulomas or cysts, the clinician should be aware that a small portion of these lesions may be nonendodontic in origin and possibly neoplastic in nature. Histopathologic evaluation of biopsied specimens is critical to achieve a proper diagnosis to ensure the appropriate management of patients.

published proceedings

  • J Endod

author list (cited authors)

  • Rudman, J., He, J., Jalali, P., Khalighinejad, N., & Woo, V.

complete list of authors

  • Rudman, Jessica||He, Jianing||Jalali, Poorya||Khalighinejad, Navid||Woo, Victoria

publication date

  • October 2022