A Unified Bayesian Framework for Bi-overlapping-Clustering Multi-omics Data via Sparse Matrix Factorization. Academic Article uri icon


  • The advances of modern sequencing techniques have generated an unprecedented amount of multi-omics data which provide great opportunities to quantitatively explore functional genomes from different but complementary perspectives. However, distinct modalities/sequencing technologies generate diverse types of data which greatly complicate statistical modeling because uniquely optimized methods are required for handling each type of data. In this paper, we propose a unified framework for Bayesian nonparametric matrix factorization that infers overlapping bi-clusters for multi-omics data. The proposed method adaptively discretizes different types of observations into common latent states on which cluster structures are built hierarchically. The proposed Bayesian nonparametric method is able to automatically determine the number of clusters. We demonstrate the utility of the proposed method using simulation studies and applications to a single-cell RNA-sequencing dataset, a combination of single-cell RNA-sequencing and single-cell ATAC-sequencing dataset, a bulk RNA-sequencing dataset, and a DNA methylation dataset which reveal several interesting findings that are consistent with biological literature.

published proceedings

  • Stat Biosci

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhou, F., He, K., Cai, J. J., Davidson, L. A., Chapkin, R. S., & Ni, Y.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Zhou, Fangting||He, Kejun||Cai, James J||Davidson, Laurie A||Chapkin, Robert S||Ni, Yang

publication date

  • December 2023